Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in cervical Papanicolaou smears of patients attended at a pathology laboratory in Bento Gonçalves, RS

  • Daiane Dallacort
  • Thaís Dalzochio Centro Universitário CNEC de Bento Gonçalves

Resumo

This study aimed to verify the prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in cervical Papanicolaou smears of patients attended at a pathology laboratory in the city of Bento Gonçalves, RS. A retrospective cross-sectional and descriptive study was performed by analyzing 49617 cytopathological reports issued from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020. A total of 21.86% (10.839/49617) positive reports for G. vaginalis were found, and the years 2020 and 2017 presented the highest and lowest prevalences, corresponding to 25.28% and 19.40%, respectively. The mean age of patients was 45.59 years, and the highest prevalence was found in patients aged 51 to 60 years corresponding to 22.74%. The fungus Candida sp. was observed in 3.60% of the reports positive for G. vaginalis. Among the cytopathological alterations associated with G. vaginalis, the atypical cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) result was the most predominant, in 3.97% of the reports. Therefore, the results obtained showed a considerable prevalence of the bacteria in pap smears reports. Thus, it is necessary to inform the female population about the diagnosis and treatment of the bacteria, to avoid possible complications.

Publicado
2022-10-19
Como Citar
DallacortD., & DalzochioT. (2022). Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in cervical Papanicolaou smears of patients attended at a pathology laboratory in Bento Gonçalves, RS. REVISTA CEREUS, 14(3), 234-244. Recuperado de http://www.ojs.unirg.edu.br/index.php/1/article/view/3888
Seção
Artigos